Évènements Évènement
LibelléTenue d'élections dans les Länder de la zone d'occupation soviétique et dans le Grand Berlin, où le parti communiste recueille respectivement environ 50% et 20% des voix
Date (début)20/10/1946
SynopsisPermission was granted for the formation of anti-fascist democratic political parties in the Soviet zone, with elections to new state legislatures scheduled for October 1946. A democratic-anti-fascist coalition, which included the KPD, the SPD, the new Christian Democratic Union (Christlich-Demokratische Union—CDU), and the Liberal Democratic Party of Germany (Liberal Demokratische Partei Deutschlands—LDPD), was formed in July 1945. The KPD (with 600,000 members, led by Wilhelm Pieck) and the SPD in East Germany (with 680,000 members, led by Otto Grotewohl), which was under strong pressure from the Communists, merged in April 1946, to form the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands—SED). In the October 1946 elections, the SED polled approximately 50 percent of the vote in each state in the Soviet zone. In Berlin, which was still undivided, the SPD had resisted the party merger and, running on its own, had polled 48.7 percent of the vote, decisively defeating the SED, which, with 19.8 percent, was third in the voting behind the SPD and the CDU.

In the elections to the country - and district in the Soviet Zone on October 20, the SED did not achieve the desired absolute majority with 47.5%. (Province Brandenburg 44%, Saxony 49%, Province of Saxony -Anhalt 46%, Land Mecklenburg 50 %, Thuringia 50%. The city and district council elections in Greater Berlin, the SPD led by 63 before the SED with 26 seats. )

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